The foreign exchange market is commonly known as Forex (Foreign Exchange), where currency pairs like EURUSD or GBPUSD are traded. Forex is an over-the-counter (OTC) market where investors or speculators buy and sell currency pairs. It is the currency market and currencies, unlike most other marketable assets, are economic instruments as much as economic indicators. 

How the Forex world works

Knowing the language of Forex brokers will help you understand the data and information necessary to enter this world. The most important terms in Forex trading are: currency pairs; Forex share, pips; the spread; the margin; Forex leverage; the swap; the lot or size of the contract; CFDs; the Forex Platforms. The currency pair is a key concept for the basis of Forex trading. Let’s consider the EUR / USD pair. The euro is called the base currency, while the US dollar is called the quoted currency. The evaluation of the base currency against the listed one provides us with the Forex quote. If we look at the EUR / USD currency pairs or other currency pairs on the trading terminal, we see two digits: the bid and ask price. For example EUR / USD 1.1234 / 1.1240. This quote tells us that we can buy one euro with 1.1240 US dollars because it is the amount requested by the bank, i.e. the sale price. We can also sell one euro for 1.1234 US dollars, the offer price. In general, a bank buys a currency at a lower rate and sells a currency with a slightly higher cost. In Forex, profit is made by appreciating or devaluing one currency against another. Remember that traders never buy or sell physical currency and, in addition, the purchase and sale take place in all transactions. a bank buys a currency at a lower rate and sells a currency with a slightly higher cost. In Forex, profit is made by appreciating or devaluing one currency against another. Remember that traders never buy or sell physical currency and, in addition, the purchase and sale take place in all transactions. a bank buys a currency at a lower rate and sells a currency with a slightly higher cost. In Forex, profit is made by appreciating or devaluing one currency against another. Remember that traders never buy or sell physical currency and, in addition, the purchase and sale take place in all transactions.

Currencies traded on Forex

The most popular currency pairs in the world, namely the US dollar, the euro, the pound, the Japanese yen and the Swiss franc, are part of a group of major currency pairs called: EURUSD, GBPUSD, USDJPY and USDCHF. The other three common currencies in Forex trading are the New Zealand dollar, the Canadian dollar and the Australian dollar. If they are associated with the US dollar, the group of minor currencies is created, namely NZDUSD, USDCAD and AUDUSDUSD. All other currency pairs in Forex trading are generally referred to as “exotic currency pairs” and represent less than 10% of all foreign currency transactions.

Who are the players in the Forex market

Central banks, states, other banks, hedge funds, investment funds, brokers, professional and private investors are the players in the Forex market. Central banks have the greatest influence on the formation of exchange prices. A central bank is in fact the supplier of money for the country in which it operates and is therefore the offer on that market. Like retailers, small investors slightly influence the market, but this influence is evident due to their large number. 

How the Forex market works

In economics, supply and demand draw a model that explains the formation of prices in a free and competitive market. This identical principle applies to the foreign exchange market. Every time you buy a currency, more demand is created on the market, which raises the price. Likewise, every time a currency is sold, a supply surplus is created, which pushes the price of the currency down. The impact of each buy and sell on the Forex market is directly proportional to the trading volume of each transaction. The forex market and currency prices are influenced by several factors: interest rates, inflation; political, economic and natural disasters, economic growth rates, the supply and demand of a currency pair. There are many important actors, such as national banks, multinationals, hedge funds. The medium-sized ones: private investors, companies that need forex to protect themselves from exchange rate risk. There are even smaller players – online brokers, smaller banks and smaller investors. Most market participants have direct access to the interbank foreign exchange market. They can do it, simply because they exceed a certain threshold of funds. This means that they can exchange currency directly with each other without intermediaries. The purchasing power of a trader is generally so insignificant compared to the big players that a Forex broker, or a bank that provides a trading account with leverage and real market access through a trading platform, needs. There is no negotiation on your own as an individual without a forex broker who does a brokerage. So what is the logic of Forex trading? A trader buys a currency pair in the hope that his price will rise. The trader sells the currency pair when he thinks the pair will fall.

Technical analysis for online investments is therefore essential. You can start by analyzing the favorable market conditions for entering the position, money management, the duration of the operation, an estimate of the volatility for the period, the expected macroeconomic events and, above all, the exit times from a trading position. on the forex market. Analysis is the key to forex trading just like a business plan for an entrepreneur who wants to start a business.

Earn with Forex

The first choice is to find the ideal forex broker that can give you. Immediately after that you have to start studying the currency market. Opening a demo account is the first fundamental step to start practicing trading. It is a very useful tool because it allows you to test your strategies without risking real money. The basis of the technical analysis of forex are the forex indicators, useful because they indicate the possible trend of the currencies in the future. The study of the indicators is based on the concept that forex is cyclical, so things that have happened in the past may happen again in the future. Carry out a fundamental analysis, or the study of economic, political and other news, which can affect a given country and which can influence the currency market. Leverage effect, it is a means of operating on a higher amount of currency than one could afford. For example, with a leverage of 100 to 1 we can control $ 1,000 by investing only 10;

money management, a technique also known as money management. It consists of that fundamental approach to forex based on the conservation of one’s own money, to avoid that everything can be lost in one position;

psychological approach to Forex, or how to approach Forex. Approaching in a correct and correct way is fundamental for the success of your trading.


Ask :  English term meaning price requested by the application.

Base currency : Base currency , the first of the two currencies of a cross currency.

ECB : European Central Bank

Bid :  English term meaning price requested by the offer.

Bidirectionality :  Opportunity to take a position on the market, both bullish and bearish.

Book :  Set of orders awaiting execution.

Broker :  Credit institutions or parabanking entities authorized to negotiate between different counterparties.

Capital gain :  Return realized on the invested capital.

Cross rate :  Exchange rate.

Figure :  The sum of 100 minimum movements on each currency cross.

Flat :  Absence of open positions.

Forex (Foreign Exchange Market) :  Foreign exchange market .

Gap :  Missing distance between the closing price and the new opening of a market. 

Managers :  People who operate on the market according to personal intuitions.

Hedging :  Engage in one investment business to cover the losses of another. The aim is to reduce volatility.

Financial leverage:  Multiplier of the invested capital that allows you to invest only a guarantee margin compared to the total invested.

Long :  Open buy position, with a bullish outlook.

Overnight operations :  Positions that remain open overnight and require rollover activity: immediate closure and reopening.

Rollover :  Settlement of an open overnight transaction. It refers to another adjustment date based on the differential between the differential discount rates of the two coins of the cross.

Scalping :  Fast operations repeated several times during the day.

Spread :  Price difference between supply and demand.

Stop loss :  Order executed to limit the losses of a wrong operation on the market.

Stop profit :  Order executed to collect the profit of a profitable operation on the market.

Tick :  Minimum movement of the price of a listed instrument.

Trading :  Trading activities.

Volatility :  Statistical measurement of price movements in a market versus time.

Volume :  The amount of total trades on a given listed instrument.

UIC (Italian Exchange Office) :  Italian reference body on currencies within the Bank of Italy.

Warrants : S financial instrument, listed on the stock exchange, consisting of a forward contract which grants the right to subscribe the purchase (called Call Warrants) or the sale (called Put Warrants) of a certain underlying financial asset (underlying) at a price (called strike price or strike price) and at a set deadline. The purchase price of the warrant is called a premium.